That can mean talking about your life experience until now, or describing an action that started in the past and continues in the present, or talking about a recent event that is relevant to now. An action that was completed in the very recent past, expressed by 'just'. Americans often use the Past Simple tense instead. 2. The mayor has consistently shown his dedication to public service since the coronavirus pandemic began. But for an unspecified time, you can use the present perfect tense. 2608, W50 2. The general formula of the present perfect tense is as described below: Subject + have/has + past participle + the rest of the sentence. Yen Cabag is the Blog Writer of TCK Publishing. She has lived here for twenty years.We have taught at this school for a long time.Alice has been married forthree months.They have been at the hotel for a week. present perfect past simple question speaking vs practice ever difference tenses activities teaching students using esl worksheets writing An action performed during a period that has not yet finished. Why? But if the person is dead, use the past tense.

This is a situation (not an action). 5.We havent received any mail since we were retired. The school football team has won the championship at least once. To indicate an action that happened in the past and continues to occur in the present. We often use for and since with perfect tenses: Look at these example sentences using for and since with the Present Perfect tense: 1997-2022 EnglishClub.com All Rights Reserved. The boat has just arrived at the port. 8. Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Share them in the comments below! The company has won the Albert Einstein Award for Best Research. Have and has are the two helping verbs that are used. ________ he _________ (finish) his work? No, they havent. To check your understanding of the present perfect tense, we have prepared this PDF Quiz for you. The past perfect simple is used to refer to something more in the past than another action or situation. In negative sentences, we may contract the auxiliary verb and "not": This tense is called the Present Perfect tense. The key thing is that we never use a finished time with the present perfect (unlike the simple past), such as yesterday, last week, in 1995. Read on to find out more! 24.You have listened to Madonna in the concert. While the differences between some tenses mays seem subtle, they can actually make a significant difference in both the perceived meaning of your writing and its quality. Now lets look at the three main situations in which we use the Present Perfect. Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Compare the following: How to make sentences in the Present Perfect. All rights reserved. To have a clearer idea of the tense, let us look at how different dictionaries define the tense. _______ you ever ________ (be) to Malaysia? 44.Sansa and Cersei have known each other 2.You have grown since the last time I saw you. FOR can also be used with the simple past. At Wall Street English you learn the different uses of the present perfect in different lessons and even at different levels, and in every case you learn to use it naturally through listening and speaking. Its often used with words likejust, already, yet, still. After describing the main life experience with the present perfect, its typical to give details with the simple past. The water has reached a boil. Other conditions will be described below. We ___________ (find negative) it yet. Note: When we want to give or ask details about when, where, who, we use the simple past. Given below are a few examples of sentences using the present perfect form of the verb. Man has trained every kind of animal, but no one can tame the tongue. 5. We use the Present Perfect to talk about: We often use the Present Perfect to talk about experience from the past. We use the present perfect to talk about things that have or havent happened in our lives, without referring to a specific time. When you compare one thing to many others in order to express an extreme, we use superlatives. to our job. She has decided to take a gap year before college. One key difference is that the simple past tense refers to events completed in the past. 15.Alex has studied two foreign languages. In addition, there are some differences in usage between British and American English. 7.Have they played the piano? 84.They have earned a lot of money thanks We have worked as teachers for two years. In the English language, a past participle is formed by adding an ed to the base form of the verb in most cases. She has lived in New York her whole life. For example. The information provided is for informational purposes only and should not be considered financial, tax, or legal advice. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and the auxiliary verb. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The general formula of the present perfect tense is as described below: We also use the present perfect to talk about actions or situations that started in the past and continue in the present. Read more about choosing between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. We often use the present perfect in this case when some action or situation has an effect on the present. The next point to remember is that a sentence with the past perfect form of the verb uses two verbs a helping verb and a main verb. Practice is essential of course, and above all practice through speaking. The present perfect is a tense that links the past to the presentin some way. 8.I have known Michael since high school. It ___________ (be negative) the same ever since you left. For example: When you want to describe an event or action that has happened several times, but during an unspecified period in the past, you can use the simple present tense, as in the examples below: You also use the present perfect tense to describe an event that recently occurred, or which has a result felt in the present time. continuous verbo participle A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now. Required fields are marked *, Frequently Asked Questions on the Present Perfect Tense. 57.She has watched this movie several times. In this article, the meaning, definition, formula, structure and uses will be explained along with examples to help you understand better. The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the result than in the action itself. Required fields are marked *. Learn how to use the present perfect tense effectively by going through the examples given below. This is followed by the main verb which appears in its past participle form. Disclaimer: TCK Publishing and its website, TCKPublishing.com, provides information on writing, publishing, books, and advice to help you live a better and more successful life. Here is a table with a complete set of examples: As you can see, its common to contract have to ve, and has to s. Read on! We are not interested in when you did something.

choosing between the present perfect and the simple past tenses, using the present perfect with the words "ever", "never", "already", and "yet", using the present perfect with the words "for" and "since". 72.My brothers havent ever gone to Spain. In this lesson we look at the structure and use of the Present Perfect tense, as well as the use of for and since, followed by a quiz to check your understanding. 50 Wong Chuk Hang Road Do you know why she __________ (like negative) it? played, arrived, looked. The short answer form is Yes, I have/No, I havent. An American might say "Did you have lunch? 35.They have stayed in the pool since at 9 oclock. He has worked as a teacher for two years. Ive lost my passport so I cant get on the plane! Now, put in your pasta. She is also a homeschooling mom, family coach, and speaker for the Charlotte Mason method, an educational philosophy that places great emphasis on classic literature and the masterpieces in art and music. An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present. Have and has are the two helping verbs that are used. Have you heard about the new education policies? We also sometimes do this in informal writing. Have is used when the pronouns I, you, they or plural nouns act as the subject in a sentence. ________ you _________ (hear) about the new education policies? 59.We havent gone to watch the new movie. If it has no connection to the present, use past tense. You can take a look at the extensive list of irregular verbs to analyse how these verbs are in their past participle form. Privacy Policy | Advertising Disclosure | Disclaimers | Terms and Conditions. 69.I have never seen such an expensive house. To connect the events of the present to the events that happened in the past. SINCE can only be used with perfect tenses. For irregular verbs, see the Table of irregular verbs in the section called 'Verbs'. In fact, the structure of the Present Perfect is very simple. For example. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear).

87.Ive visited four of our clients today. The teenagers in the house have finally outgrown their sassiness.

Although both the past and present perfect may refer to things that finished in the past, if the action has a result in the present, use the present perfect tense. The Oxford Learners Dictionary defines the present perfect tense as the form of a verb that expresses an action done in a time period up to the present, formed in English with the present tense of have and the past participle of the verb, as in I have eaten. According to the Cambridge Dictionary, the present perfect tense is defined as the form of the verb used for actions or events that have been completed or have happened in a period of time up to now.. The past participle of a regular verb is base+ed, e.g. An action when the time is not important. Do you have any questions about the present perfect tense? since they were at primary school. It seems to be confusing to some though the tense has a very simple structure. for six years, for a week, for a month, for hours, for two hoursI have worked here for five years. 48.My father has worked in Austin for a long time. FOR and SINCE can also both be used with the past perfect. For example. The present perfect tense is indeed simple and easy if you try to understand and use it the right way. Try this fun activity now to practice using the present perfect. To review, the English language has three simple tenses: In addition to the simple tenses, there are also three perfect tenses: past perfect, present perfect, and future perfect. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); To denote an action or event that happened or started in the past and still has its impact or some connection to the subject in the present. 29.Tom isnt at school. Circle the correct tense for each sentence. 10. All rights reserved. this season. The present perfect tense describes an action that has taken place or a condition that has come to pass by the time of speaking. She has also written several books, both fiction and nonfiction. to the theater.

It has not been the same ever since you left. 80.Samuel hasnt called for eight months. 85.Football teams have scored a lot of goals Using The Present Perfect Tense in English. 3. For example: When you want to talk about something that started happening in the past but continues during the time of speaking, use the present perfect tense, as in the examples below: When you want to describe how something or someone has changed over time, use the present perfect tense: The present perfect tense is also used for describing accomplishments achieved, but only for those that do not come with a specified period in the past. You ___________ (come) to the right place. Try not to translate the Present Perfect into your language. For example, Hes received three important promotions in his career. Find out more about Our English Courses. Registered number: 2587136 WSE Hong Kong Ltd 6.They havent gone to the shopping center. When the clock struck six, the churchbells. To make questions we invert have and the subject: The only small variation of this is with the third person singular that requires has instead of have. However, there are a number of irregular verbs that have different spellings and do not, in any way, follow the concept of adding ed to the base form like regular verbs. I have gone to the gym three times this month. She has lived here since 1980.We have taught at this school since 1965.Alice has been married since March 2nd.They have been at the hotel since last Tuesday. 51.I have worked as a engineer for two years. 23.The army has attacked that city two times. Look at these example sentences with the Present Perfect tense: When we use the Present Perfect in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb. How to know when to use the present perfect or the past simple. We only want to know if you did it: We also use the Present Perfect to talk about a change, or new information: We often use the Present Perfect to talk about a continuing situation. All the staff members have read the email.

Her passion is to see the next generation of children become lovers of reading and learning in the midst of short attention spans. 5. Instead we use an unfinished time expression, like today, this week, this year, in your life. I have worked as a teacher for two years. 56.The class has been outside for recess. 95.Doctors have found a cure for many diseases. Buck has gotten used to living in survival mode in the wild. Have a look at the table given below for a closer look at the same. 9. Studying the different verb tenses thoroughly (even if youre a native English speaker!) The auxiliary verb (have) is conjugated in the Present Simple: have, has, The main verb is invariable in past participle form: -ed (or irregular). To refer to the time the action started we use since, and to refer to a period of time we use for. 4. Were here to help you. When you need to choose between using the present perfect and the past simple, ask yourself these questions: As you can see, once you understand and remember these key facts about the present perfect, its easier to use than you previously thought. The very first thing that you will have to learn before you start using present perfect tense is how past participles are formed. NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 1, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 2, NCERT Solutions Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, Difference between Continuous and Continual, Difference between Immigration and Emigration, Letter to Friend Describing Birthday Party, Letter to Friend Describing Ancestral House, Structure and Formula of the Present Perfect Tense, Rules to Be Followed When Using the Present Perfect Tense, Check Your Understanding of the Present Perfect Tense. Passive Voice: What Is It and When Is It Acceptable? In this post, we will be discussing the correct use of the present perfect tense. 26.Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Just try to accept the concepts of this tense and learn to "think" Present Perfect! 1.My sister has already made a big cake. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form of the present perfect tense in the following sentences: 1. If the person is still alive, the finished action is an experience that the person had, in which case you should use present perfect. ). Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its duration, with for + a period of time, or by considering its starting point, with since + a point in time. I think were too late. EF Education First Ltd 2022. Do you want to learn more? You can also find the questions and answer key below. 100 Sentences of Present Perfect Tense | Examples of Present Perfect Tense. The students have finished preparing their report. We use the present perfect to describe a recent action or ask if something has happened recently. We usually use for or since with this structure. ISO 9001:2015. There is always a connection with the past and with the present. if(typeof ez_ad_units != 'undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[300,250],'tckpublishing_com-box-3','ezslot_1',143,'0','0'])};if(typeof __ez_fad_position != 'undefined'){__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-tckpublishing_com-box-3-0')};As a writer, you need to have a strong grasp of the different tenses in order to be clear in your communication. The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements : the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb. The baby has pooped three times since his mother left. will help you to speak and write with greater skill and precision. Subject + have/has + not + past participle + the rest of the sentence, Have/has + subject + past participle + the rest of the sentence, Have/has + subject + not + past participle + the rest of the sentence, Havent / hasnt + subject + past participle + the rest of the sentence. (Finished action in recent past consequence now.). To form the present perfect tense, use has/have + past participle of the verb. 31.They have had many cars since I can remember. Affiliate Disclosure: We may be compensated from the retailer if you purchase a book or product recommended on this website. The present perfect tense is employed in a sentence to represent an action that just happened in the recent past and still has its effect in the present or an action that represents an indefinite time in the past. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); if(typeof ez_ad_units != 'undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[300,250],'tckpublishing_com-medrectangle-1','ezslot_4',142,'0','0'])};if(typeof __ez_fad_position != 'undefined'){__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-tckpublishing_com-medrectangle-1-0')};report this adCopyright 2022 by TCK Publishing. (present perfect), The last one was for the position of CEO. since this morning, since last week, since yesterdaysince I was a child, since Wednesday, since 2 o'clockI have worked here since 1990. Devika and Priscilla have worked as teachers for two years. She has received her fiances letter and shes happily reading it now. 78.Nobody has ever said that to me before. ", transcripts, vocabulary notes and comprehension questions, (It will probably continue into the future. The present perfect tense may refer to things that happened in the past, but they normally continue into the present, or refer to a present reality, such as in the case of something that has happened several times. Your email address will not be published. 7. The problems come with the use of the tense. 25.Scientists have split the atom. Lets go pick up our guests! The point that you should keep in mind when using the present perfect tense is that it has two verbs a helping verb and a main verb. All rights reserved. We often use ever in questions with this use, and never in negative sentences. A much more elaborate definition is given by the Collins Dictionary and according to it, the present perfect tenses of a verb are the ones used to talk about things which happened before the time you are speaking or writing but are relevant to the present situation, or things that began in the past and are still happening. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines the present perfect tense as one relating to, or constituting a verb tense that is traditionally formed in English with have and a past participle and that expresses an action or state begun in the past and completed at the time of speaking (as in I have finished) or continuing in the present (as in We have lived here for several years).
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